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Types of paralysis that can occur in work-related incidents

On Behalf of | May 29, 2024 | Spinal Cord Injury |

Workers who are involved in an accident at work may suffer injuries that lead to paralysis. While many people associate paralysis with spinal cord injuries, it can also occur if a person suffers brain damage

There are different types of paralysis that can occur. These depend on the type and location of the damage on the spinal cord or brain. Understanding the different types of paralysis that can occur is important.


Monoplegia refers to paralysis that affects a single limb or a specific region of the body. It is typically caused by damage to a specific part of the brain that controls muscle movements in that area or due to localized nerve damage.


Hemiplegia is paralysis on one side of the body, often resulting from a brain injury. This type of paralysis affects an arm and a leg on the same side and can vary in severity. People with hemiplegia might experience difficulties with balance, coordination and fine motor skills.


Paraplegia involves paralysis of the lower half of the body, typically caused by injury to the thoracic or lumbar regions of the spinal cord. This type results in the loss of function and sensation in the legs and lower torso. Paraplegia can stem from traumatic falls.


Quadriplegia, also known as tetraplegia, is paralysis that affects all four limbs and, in many cases, the torso. This condition results from severe damage to the cervical spinal cord. Individuals with quadriplegia may lose motor function, sensory function and control over bodily functions such as bladder and bowel movements.

When an employee faces paralysis because of a work-related injury, they should be able to count on workers’ compensation to cover the costs of the treatment and provide other benefits. Working with someone familiar with these cases is beneficial for these injured workers.