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Intracranial hematomas and their impact on the brain

On Behalf of | Sep 1, 2021 | Brain Injury

There are many kinds of brain injuries. Among them is a group of injuries called intracranial hematomas. Intracranial hematomas occur when blood vessels rupture inside the skull. The blood then leaks into the brain’s tissues or seeps into the empty space between the brain and skull.

Several kinds of hematomas could occur. These include epidural hematomas, which are outside of the brain and dura, subdural hematomas, which are between the brain and dura; and subarachnoid hemorrhages, which are between the layers of the dura. Intraventricular hemorrhages happen within the brain’s ventricles. Intracerebral hematomas occur when a blood vessel inside the brain ruptures. 

Intracranial hematomas are primary injuries

A hematoma is possible and often considered a primary injury if it occurs after you hit your head or suffer other brain injuries. A lingering hematoma left in the skull may result in brain damage and secondary injuries.

Intracranial hematomas have the potential to lead to serious or fatal injuries, so it’s important that anyone who hits their head or who is involved in a sudden accident, such as a traffic collision or fall, seeks medical attention. 

Symptoms of intracranial hematomas may include:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Changes in behavior
  • Changes in speech

You should always take any abnormal symptoms that you experience seriously. Your brain’s pressure could increase as blood accumulates with your skull. Quick treatment may help prevent secondary complications that could lead to ongoing problems, long-term disability or death. Workers might be able to pursue compensation if they suffered injuries due to accidents on the job.

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